Colourful bell peppers kept together on a white background

How to grow capsicum seeds/ plants in India?

How to grow capsicum seeds/ plants in India?

Capsicums, also known as Bell Pepper or Shimla Mirch, are easy to grow and don’t require any special care. Capsicum seeds grow in different shapes and colors adding flavor to salads, soups, and dishes. So, here’s a simple guide for growing capsicum seeds at home.

Steps to germinate capsicum seeds:

  1. Take a seedling tray and fill it with coco peat.
  2. Make a 0.5 inches deep hole and put 2-3 seeds in the hole (make a hole in the center and place the seeds).
  3. Fill the hole with coco peat and spray some water. 
  4. Transplant them in soil or in large or medium containers, when the seeds grow 4-6 leaves.
  5. Plant the seedlings 12-24inches apart in a row.
  6. Make sure that the soil is warm.

Water requirements: 

Water 3-4 times a week. (In winter alternatively and summer every day).

Soil type: 

  • Capsicum seeds grow best in soil pH ranging from 6.2-7.0. 
  • It needs light and the fertile soil which improves the aeration.
  • If growing in the soil make a drainage system. But if using planters or pots make sure that it has a hole in it for excess water flow.


Seed germination time:

  • Seeds will germinate in 6-15 days. 
  • For some seeds, it may take 21days to sprout.
  • Some varieties can take 4-5 weeks for germination. As it depends on the variety, temperature, soil, and sunlight.

Temperature range to grow

20-30 degree C 

Sunlight needed

Partial sunlight (3-4 hours will be enough). Keep them in the shady areas.

Time to flower/fruit

10-12 weeks.

Health benefits:

  • It contains vitamin A and vitamin C.
  • Contains vitamin E and vitamin B6.
  • Contains folate and dietary fibers.

Colors available:

Green, yellow, and red.


  1. Anvi Malhotra

    I am going to try starting mine indoors this year,

  2. Kabir Sharma

    I find they do well under grow lights during the winter months

  3. Riya Nair

    I have always wanted to try growing my own vegetables

  4. Arjun Bajaj

    I just started my own capsicum seeds using this method, and they’ve already sprouted

  5. Mulch India

    It is a very useful blog and very important information about Mulch.

  6. Ramesh kaul

    Excellent information for one and all.

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