How to grow papaya seeds/ plants in India?

How to grow papaya seeds/ plants in India?

Papaya is a tropical fruit plant that is easy to grow with minimum requirements. This fruit is cooked as a vegetable and it’s eaten raw when matured. It has many medicinal benefits as well as is used in the pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic industries.

Steps to germinate papaya seeds:

  1. Take a seedling tray and fill it with coco peat.
  2. Make a 0.25 inches deep hole and put 2 seeds in the hole.
  3. Fill the hole with coco peat and spray some water.
  4. When the seedlings grow 14-21 cm, transplant them in soil or a large-sized container.


  • Use potting mix if growing in containers.
  • If growing in soil mix cow dung/chicken manure, VermiCompost, seaweed fertilizer, and a layer of cocopeat.
  • Add kitchen waste like tea compost, banana peel, and vegetable peels.
  • Before transplanting make sure to add fertilizer and composts to the soil or in the containers.
  • Provide mulch for resisting the weed growth.

Soil type:

  • Papaya grows well in light, well-drained, and loamy soil.
  • A soil pH of 6.5-7 is required.

Water requirements:

  • Water 3-5 times a week in the summer season.
  • In the winter season water every 4-5 days.
  • On sandy and rock soils water them every day.
  • Avoid watering in the leaves.
  • Make a proper drainage system. If growing in containers make a hole below.

Seed germination time:

Seeds will germinate in 7-14 days.

Temperature range to grow:  

  • The required temperature is between 20-30 degrees C.
  • In the winter season keep the plant warm.

Sunlight needed: 

It requires full sunlight for at least 6-8hours.

Time to flower/fruit

  • It takes 40 weeks or slightly more to grow fully and bear fruits depending upon the weather, sunlight, temperature, seed variety, and water requirements.

Health benefits of papaya:

  • Contains Vitamin A, E, and C.
  • Reduces the risk of heart diseases.
  • Controls the level of cholesterol.
  • Papaya contains folic acid and fiber.
  • In the time of constipation, it helps to cure it.
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